What is This?

This is a chart of the potential capability of various DAWS. The values are relative to each other. One DAW may have a perfectly acceptable feature set for 99% of users, but if another has more features or better integration, then the 99%-ok DAW will have a lower rating.

If you disagree with some rating, then please comment below. I will happily discuss it with you and explain why the rating was given. I am always open to adjusting the ratings when presented with a convincing case to do so.

A low rating doesn’t mean the DAW is bad. It simply means that it has less functionality than another product. There is a tradeoff between functionality and usability. A DAW with a lot of features may be more difficult to navigate or operate. It may not.

Weighting

If you are using this chart to decide on a DAW then pay attention the weighting feature in the upper left of each section.

You can change how much a section is valued in the final tally. So if MIDI is relatively unimportant to you then give it a 50%. Only 50% of those scores will count in the final.

If you never do multitrack editing, give it a 0. Then DAWs that excel in this area won’t pollute your scores.

The default weighting is what I prefer. This should help you understand where my biases potentially lay when rating the softwares.

Current Versions

These are the versions that I have most recently evaluated the features (and stability) of:

  • Reaper 5.961
  • Digital Performer 9.52
  • Cubase 9.5.40
  • Studio One 4.1.0
  • Pro Tools 2018.7
  • Logic 10.4.2
  • Reason 10.2
  • FLStudio 20 Mac
  • Live 10.04
  • Bitwig 2.4 B4
  • Mixbus 32c 5.0
  • SawStudio 5.6

How recently was this update

Last Updated - 2018 October 22

FAQ

This is stupid

That’s not a question, but I understand. Please leave a comment and tell me how you think it could be improved. I am always looking to make it more accurate, more feature-filled and more pleasant to use.

You’re wrong about X

Great, leave a comment and tell me why. I’m not interested in being right, I’m interested in the information being correct.

Remember though, just because you think your DAW is sufficient doesn’t mean much. There may be another product that does it better. These ratings are relative.

What makes you think you’re such an expert?

Well, I’m not an “expert” however, I have spent 100+ hours in each one of these products creating detailed lists and coming up with objective evaluative tests to compare them.

I’ve also worked for a handful of companies making these products, written various extensions, themes and a number of VST plug-ins.

Oh yeah, and I am a recording engineer with OCD. Real OCD, not the “Crooked things mildly annoy me” kind, but the kind that requires consistent professional help and medication. I obsess over small details in software functionality to an absurd degree.

What about DAW X?

I am clearly not covering some products. This is for one or more of the following reasons:

  • I don’t own it (All donations noted for this post will go towards acquiring other products)
  • I haven’t accrued more than 100 hours seriously using it.
  • It does not fit the needs I have to complete some sort of production

I am primarily a macOS user. Windows-only products require extra effort for me to acquire experience in, so there will naturally be an absence of certain windows-only products.

What is the best DAW?

I’ve been getting asked this a lot lately via e-mail/IRC/Discord, around 20+ times a week.

I primarily use Steinberg Cubase and Cockos Reaper. I do not think that either one is the best DAW. Digital performer has some glaring issues with certain modern workflows (that electronic musicians tend to use, or live recordists), and Reaper is just a total pain in the ass to learn for some people.

I think that for the majority of music-based workflows, Presonus Studio One currently offers the most complete and sane set of defaults.

If you largely work with recording musicians or mixing, then Harrison Mixbus is a very nice option.

If you are a fan of OSS, tinkerer or even moderately technically inclined then Ardour is both functional and fun to explore.

Steinberg Cubase has some amazing arrangement features that help differentiate it, and is an all-around great product for the composer, songwriter or musician that works alone.

Pro Tools exists. It has that going for it, I guess. (That’s a joke. I love Pro Tools and would without a doubt be using it as my only DAW if I didn’t have so many issues with Avid as a company.)

Ableton Live and Bitwig are amazing tools for live performers, and both offer some cool options for creative sound design built right in to the product.

If you own a mac, then Apple Logic is the absolute king of value. It comes with a huge amount of content, compentent synths, great effects and a slew of fantastic and useful features.

Propellerheads Reason is just super fun. If your workflow is fairly simple, but relies heavily on sound design or you enjoy the rack-based workflow then Reason is the only thing that will really satisfy you these days.

So… yep. If someone were to just walk up to me and say “WHAT DAW?!?!?”. I’d say Studio One or Logic if they had a mac. If I could get some more information out of them then I would suggest something else maybe. All of these products have demos, and they all work for making music. Getting the “right” DAW will help you make music faster and enjoy it more though!

Why is Ableton Live rated so low?

This is a feature chart. Ableton Live’s big benefits are primarily in included content and excellent workflow for common musical workflows.

Ableton Live’s featureset is relatively limited to other products on the market, but many of those products sacrifice simplicity in some areas to pack in more features. This chart is only here to tell you what is available in the products and how well they work, not how they impact the general workflow.

Ableton Live excels at intangibles that come from the overall gestalt-like design philosophy. With more features comes more complexity and that’s not always necessary. Ableton Live does a fantastic job of creating a slick workflow around a core set of features that work for many modern musicians.

I HATE DONGLES!!!!11!!11!!!one!!!1!!

Ok. I get it.

Simply weigh the ‘Authorization prefer dongle’ category as 0. Now weigh ‘Authorization dislike dongle’ as 1,000 or 10,000 or 1,000,000.

Now your ratings will reflect your preferences (that I personally disagree with).

What about third-party add-ons?

I consider third-party add-ons that meet the following criteria:

  • Free
  • Directly integrates with the software. That is to say that it’s not something that runs entirely separately from the software itself.
  • Based on officially recognized features. Clever hacks are cool, but only add-ons that build upon facilities purposely offered by the DAW Developer will be considered.

If an add-on is considered in the rating, it will be noted. Click the rating to see more information.

What about Linux?

I don’t run a linux-based OS. If you are interested in information about Linux DAW options then please check out this chart here. It does not have the exact same purpose as my chart, but it may be useful to you anyway.

The Chart

</category> <daw name="Live" rating="10" link-"live-loop-recording"> </daw>

Reaper Notes

Reaper Download

Reaper’s download is small and compact, however a lot of the great functionality available in Reaper (for advanced users) comes from various scripts which must be downloaded separately.

SWS and ReaPack are the bare minimum to get started for intermediate to advanced users.

Reaper VCA

Reaper’s VCAs are functional and flexible, however they are a pain to manage. There’s a script by Sexan called “Create VCA Master from selection” that makes things easier, but it’s still a bit of extra work to manage VCAs

Reaper’s VCAs are totally functional, but the rating was adjusted for the difficult of using them in some workflows.

Reaper Channel Strip

Reaper does not have an integrated channel strip, however it does allow you to have default plug-ins for new tracks and macro-knobs for assigned parameters directly inside the mixer channel strip.

It’s very simple to build your own integrated channel strip with whatever products you want and have the desired controls available right in the mixer.

Reaper Audio Units

Reaper is docked in the audio units area since some multi-platform plugins appear to not work correctly in the format. As far as I can tell, VST2/3 is always the preferred format if given the option in Reaper.

Reaper Clip Launching

Playtime exists for Reaper, which adds clip launching capability.

It is a paid extension though, so it is not considered for this chart.

Reaper Step Sequencer

Reaper’s rating is based upon available scripts such as the fantastic MegaBaby and associated mods. These are freely available, so they are considered in the ratings.

Reaper Articulation Management

This rating includes the free scripts Reaticulate and Articulation Manager.

These are free scripts that can be easily added to any Reaper installation.

Digital Performer Notes

DP Support

DP has a number of absolutely excellent and helpful users, however the main 3rd party forum is complained about more than any other DAW resource I’m aware of.

I know of almost as many users that hate the place than that actively use it. It’s unfortunate.

Still… if you ask a good question, you’ll get a good answer.

DP Monitor Section

DP doesn’t have a dedicated monitor section, however it does have ‘v-racks’ which operation nearly identically. They are functionally similar enough to be considered for this rating.

DP Loop Recording

Digital Performer gets a 10 for having both traditional loop/cycle recording and Polar.

I also discuss Polar myself in another post

DP Clip Launching

DP has a system called “Chunks” which allows complex setups for launching clips/projects. It is not similar to Live’s style of clip launching at all, however it is used for very large shows around the world.

Cubase Notes

Cubase Hardware

Cubase’s hardware inserts work well, but they are difficult to setup. You must creating routing channels for the hardware inserts in a separate panel. Hardware insert plug-ins are tied to the settings for each routing device.

Contrast this with other DAWs that simply let you insert a plug-in… no messy pre-requisite work.

Cubase Key Commands

Cubase has the capability to assign key commands, however searching for commands is very annoying. The browser only shows 1 result at a time and requires a mouse-click to move to the next result. You must also type the keyword exactly

Other products show all of the results and allow browsing with keyboard shortcuts (somewhat ironic).

Cubase Updates

Cubase gets an extra 1 point for having major updates exactly once a year, at the same time.

Waveform Notes

Waveform Inserts

As of Waveform 9.1.1, it appears that hardware inserts are bugged and do not render.

Waveform Included

I’m considering Waveform Ultimate for the included effects/synths rating.

Studio One Notes

Studio One Track Templates

Studio One 4 introduced import data from song. You can now import tracks from other projects, or maintain a project with templates as you wish.

Studio One Scoring

Studio One has excellent integration with Notion, however that is a separate purchase. It is not considered for this rating.

Pro Tools Notes

Pro Tools Modes

I am not considering extra automation features available in Pro Tools HD.

Pro Tools Support

Since Avid offers paid support (which I have used a number of times), I am considering this for the rating. If you don’t want to pay for support then Avid’s support is fairly poor.

Pro Tools Scoring

Pro Tools has integration with Sibelius, however that’s a separate purchase. It is not considered in this rating.

Logic Notes

Logic VCA

Logic’s VCAs can not be stacked or chained. The current implementation is correct, but it’s highly inflexible which reduces its usefulness.

Reason Notes

FLStudio Notes

FLStudio Step Sequencer

Remember, this is a FEATURE chart. FLStudio’s step sequencer is beloved largely for its simplicity. Other products offer more functionality built directly into the step sequencer.

FLStudio Included

This considers the Signature Edition

Ableton Live Notes

Live Loop Recording

Live gets a bonus for looper which adds a great deal of depth to Ableton’s looping capabilities.

Live Other

Max for Live is being taken in to account, which is a fairly expensive addition to the software.

Live Routing

Live’s Routing is considered without M4L. M4L allows some really cool routing, but not simply or across the entire software.

Live Collab

Services link Splice exist, but they are paid. Live does not get credit for these third party services unless/until it’s integrated directly in to the software.

Bitwig Notes

Bitwig re-record

With overdub turned off, Bitwig can emulate ‘re-record’ by pressing the play/record button twice with overdub turned off.

Mixbus Notes

Mixbus Customization

As Mixbus is based off of Ardour, it can be built from source. First you need to learn how to compile Ardour from source, which you can receive some assistance with at #Ardour on irc.freenode.net. From that point simply work with the Mixbus repo instead of the Ardour repo.

While the skill ceiling is much higher for working with Mixbus, the possibilities are endless. You have nearly full control over the software outside of the proprietary DSP.

Mixbus Input Monitoring

Natively the input monitoring support isn’t fantastic, but using a script by Nik at Harrison allows for quick changing of meter taps on tracks. That allows for a decent workflow with regards to input monitoring.

Mixbus PDC

Mixbus allows feedback routing in Busses and thusly can not have PDC on them. I’ve marked off for this since there’s no way to optionally disable this circular routing and enable PDC on those busses.

Mixbus Manual

I am considering both the mixbus manual and the Ardour Manual. There are some differences between the softwares, but the information is very helpful regardless.

Mixbus Remote

A great Lemur template is available here: http://mixbus.harrisonconsoles.com/forum/thread-5356.html

Mixbus Authorization

Mixbus is authorized by putting a .txt license file in one of the following directories:

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On Windows, Mixbus searches the following locations (first found is used)
%localappdata%
$HOMEDRIVE$HOMEPATH
$USERPROFILE

On OS X:
$HOME/Library/Application Support/harrisonconsoles/
$HOME/.
$HOME/
/usr/local/share/ (intended for multi-user institution-wide licenses)

and on GNU/Linux:
$XDG_CONFIG_HOME/harrisonconsoles/
$HOME/.config/harrisonconsoles/
$HOME/.
$HOME/
/usr/local/share/ (intended for multi-user institution-wide licenses)

You can simply bring your authorizations on a flash drive and be up and running in a few seconds at another studio if needed. (remember to delete them when you leave!)

Mixbus re-record

A simple script can be made in Mixbus to do the re-record workflow.

Mixbus Zoom

The mixbus channel strips can be zoomed, which is very useful. The entire display can be nicely zoomed in Windows and Linux distributions, but not in MacOS.

I am not taking off points for the mac change since it an OS-level limitation.

SawStudio Notes

SAWStudio VST

SAWstudio’s VST rating reflects that it only supports 32-bit VSTs currently.

Support Me!

This post took 100s of hours (literally months of man hours) to research, program, write and edit. If you appreciate the information presented then please consider joining patreon or donating!

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If you have any questions or comments, please comment below! I read every comment and respond to most.